This ‘4D-Printed’ Dress Just Became Part Of The Museum Of Modern Art’s Collection

The Kinematics dress, created by generative design studio Nervous System, is, in all cliches, not your average piece of fabric. For starters, the Museum of Modern Art recently acquired the fashionable objet d’art, along with the app that goes with it, adding it to the institute’s growing collection of contemporary design products. Secondly, the dress is made from four dimensional printing technologies, meaning it’s a 3D-printed object meant to “change shape or automatically reassemble” according to its environment.

Nervous System (est. 2007), Jessica Rosenkrantz (American, born 1983), Jesse Louis-Rosenberg (American, born 1986). Kinematics Dress. 2013. Laser-sintered nylon. Image courtesy of Steve Marsel. The Museum of Modern Art, New York. Committee on Architecture and Design Funds.

“We refer to Kinematics as a 4D printing system because it generates compressed objects that unfold into their intended shape after printing,” creative director Jessica Rosenkrantz told Dezeen. “The garments that we’ve designed can only expand to their full size after being removed from the printer and they do so automatically, no assembly is required.”


The dress is composed of thousands of interlocking pieces (2,279 unique triangular panels interconnected by 3,316 hinges, to be exact), taking the shape of a single folded nylon garment. The dress is entirely customizable, and is able to conform and move according to a body’s flexibility. “This textile is not uniform,” Nervous System explains, “it varies in rigidity, drape, flex, porosity and pattern through space.”

The coordinating app allows anyone to design a Kinematics work, printed by Shapeways, “from an uploaded 3D body scan, selecting the size and shape of the modules and ‘painting’ them onto the dress or skirt in real-time,” C-Net writes. Not only are the resulting garments verifiable works of art, they are part of a movement that seemingly democratizes the way we produce boundary-pushing fashion.

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The Kinematics dress will go on view at MoMA as part of the upcoming “This Is for Everyone: Design Experiments for the Common Good,” debuting on February 14, 2015. The title of the show takes its name from British computer scientist Tim Berners-Lee — you know, the inventor of the World Wide Web — who tweeted the message as part of the Olympic opening ceremonies in London in 2012. While Berners-Lee’s quote emphasizes the possibilities of information sharing across the internet, “This Is for Everyone” questions the sentiment through a series of design products that challenge the universality of that potential.

“We sometimes forget that new technologies are not inherently democratic,” MoMA wrote in a press release for the exhibition. “Is design in the digital age — so often simply assumed to be for the greater good — truly for everyone?”

You can see a preview of the other pieces on view…

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